Endometriosis is a growth of cells similar to those that form the internal lining of the uterus on the outside of the uterus. Endometriosis affects women in their reproductive years. It is one of the leading causes of pelvic pain and infertility.
Most women who have endometriosis do not have symptoms. Of those who do experience symptoms, the common symptoms are pain (usually pelvic) and infertility. Pelvic pain usually occurs during or just before menstruation and lessens after menstruation. Some women experience pain or cramping with intercourse, bowel.
Endometriosis can be suspected based on symptoms of pelvic pain and findings during physical examinations in the doctor's clinic. Imaging studies, such as ultrasound, can be helpful in studying the pelvis, but still cannot accurately diagnose endometriosis. Direct visual inspection and tissue biopsy of the implants are necessary for accurate diagnosis. Endometriosis can be treated with medications and/or endometriosis surgery.
Treatment of Endometriosis prior to any Assisted Reproductive Therapies will help to improve the success rates.