Uterine fibroids are benign tumours that originate in the uterus (womb) and are usually a round or semi-round in shape. Most women with uterine fibroids have no symptoms. Large fibroids can cause pressure, pelvic pain, pressure on the bladder with frequent or even obstructed urination, and pressure on the rectum with pain during defecation.
Uterine fibroids are diagnosed by pelvic exam and even more commonly by ultrasound. Often, a pelvic mass cannot be determined to be a fibroid on pelvic exam alone, and ultrasound is very helpful in differentiating it from other conditions such as ovarian tumours.
Fibroid Surgery & treatment methods include hysterectomy or myomectomy. The former is the removal of the uterus (and the fibroids with it) and the latter, the selective removal of just the fibroids within the uterus.