Endometriosis: Symptoms and Treatments

Endometriosis is a growth of cells similar to those that form the internal lining of the uterus on the outside of the uterus. Endometriosis affects women in their reproductive years. It is one of the leading causes of pelvic pain and infertility. Most women who have endometriosis do not have symptoms. But, some symptoms include the following.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Pelvic pain

Usually occurs during or just before menstruation and lessens after menstruation. Endometriosis can be suspected based on symptoms of pelvic pain and findings during physical examinations in the doctor's clinic. Imaging studies, such as ultrasound, can be helpful in studying the pelvis, but still cannot accurately diagnose endometriosis. Direct visual inspection and tissue biopsy of the implants are necessary for accurate diagnosis.


Women may find difficulty in getting pregnant due to possible reduction in quality of the eggs as a result of endometriosis. In more advanced conditions, the endometriosis starts to cause bonds and adhesions, resulting in reduced function or blockage of the fallopian tubes.

Other symptoms include:

  • Enormously throbbing or heavy periods
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding between periods
  • Discomfort during or after sexual interaction
  • Pain when moving bowels
  • Lingering pelvic pain, as well as the lower back and pelvic areas
  • Chronic fatigue

Treatment for Endometriosis

Endometriosis can be treated with medications with or without surgery. Here are some of the treatments for endometriosis:

To slow the development of endometriosis, your doctor will start by prescribing medication. Surgery is recommended only if medications are not working. For mild pain and other symptoms, your doctor can prescribe medication from over-the-counter remedies to strong prescription drugs.

Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy can be effective in treating the symptoms of endometriosis. Hormone Therapy can come in the form of injection or oral medications. This is perfect for patients who only experience minimal pain. Treatment also prevents the development of new areas and scars, but it will not make the remaining adhesions go away.

Surgery is usually suggested if endometriosis is extensive or if there is unbearable pain. During the surgery, the gynaecologist can pinpoint any areas of endometriosis, examine the size and degree of growth and remove endometriosis patches during that time.

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